Title: Chipanainggolan
Tags: About me
Blog Entry: Art music is a term that describes any type of music that has a more complex structure than popular music and requires the listener to pay attention. In general, popular music is catchy and doesn’t require anything from the listener. Art music typically is an acquired taste where the listener must either study before valuing it or must listen attentively to appreciate it. As the definition of popular music changes over time as public tastes change, defining art music may be difficult. Many musical traditions that are considered art music today were popular music styles of the past. The same may be said of current popular music around the world. In centuries to come, some types of popular music may fall out of favor and become classified as art music. Around the world, music traditions have used elements that are not readily apparent to most listeners unfamiliar with the tradition. Many music lovers dislike entire genres of music simply because they have never learned what makes the music different from their favorite genres of music. Popular and folk music is popular because it frequently has a strong, predictable beat, a catchy melody, or both. Frequently, listeners enjoy a piece of popular music because of its predictability. Even when having never heard the song before, after several verses often a listener can complete a portion of the melody and frequently sing the words because it shares the same musical language with other music in the genre. Many cultures around the world have musical traditions that fall under the category of art music, although it typically excludes most popular and traditional, tribal, or folk music. In the Western world, it includes what is known as classical music and some types of jazz or blues. In the Eastern world, it includes many cultural music genres, including, but certainly not limited to, Indian Hindustani classical music, Indonesian gamelan music, and European medieval chants. Appreciating art music requires the listener to either study the music on her own or to be introduced by someone who can appreciate the layers of meaning and explain them to her. In the case of a Western ear listening to an Eastern style of art music, like Hindustani music of northern India, this music sounds exotic because it does not follow the Western style of music organization. As an example, Hindustani music does not use the Western major/minor tonal scale system that is arranged around the same 12 notes. Whereas Western music is arranged around specific major or minor keys that use specific notes contained in that scale, Hindustani music is arranged around the Indian equivalent of a Western major or minor key, with some differences. Hindustani music does not begin on a fixed pitch as in Western styles of art music, but rather can begin on any key. Indian classical music does not organize around harmony, but melody and the relative relationship of each note to the others. This may also explain why some early 20th-century art music does not immediately appeal to the popular Western ear. Many of the composers of this period avoided traditional Western harmonic organization and embraced a modal style that avoids the predictability of major and minor scales. As this music does not follow the typical rules of Western musical styles and requires effort on the part of the listener, it can be difficult for the general public to appreciate. A musician is a person who composes and/or performs music, usually as an occupation but often as a hobby. He or she may play a musical instrument or several musical instruments, or he or she may be a vocalist instead. A person who makes his or her living as a musician must usually spend a significant amount of time learning how to play an instrument or sing exceptionally well to become known within the music world, which is a highly competitive field in which failure is not only possible, but exceptionally likely. Any genre of music can be played by a musician. He or she may focus on one specific genre — rock and roll, for example — or the musician may be talented enough to write and perform music across a wide range of genres. Many genres of music are closely related, making it easier for a musician to perform in more than one genre, though it will still take some talent to perform or write music well in more than one genre. Music technology is the application of technology, such as computers and software, to the musical arts. Whether it is the use of sequencer and editing software or electronic musical devices, musical technology and its definition expands as technology expands. Music technology is sometimes referred to as sound technology, but while these two fields are similar, they are also vastly different. Music technology encompasses the composition, recording, and playback of music, while sound technology may only encompass the production of various sounds. Numerous colleges, tech schools, and universities offer study programs in music technology for music majors. In these programs, students can learn about technical and scientific applications as well as study acoustic science, programming, music theory, and business courses related to the music industry. Students can expect to learn digital multi-track recording, MIDI technology, digital sound processing and editing, recording techniques and more. Careers and fields that utilize an education in music technology include studio production and recording, performer/composer, education, sales, and design. Because music technology is a combination of music and technology, amateurs or those studying it professionally need a solid understanding of both. An ability to read music and play a traditional musical instrument as well as a sound understanding of computers are helpful skill sets for people considering a music technology program of study. Examples of software used in music technology include Logic and ProTools. As technology advances, it finds its way into all sorts of musical applications. For those who are creative and possess musical aptitude as well as computer skills, the possibilities are endless. New sounds and styles of music are created everyday using music technology and the wide array of options it provides. By combining a synthesizer, acoustic guitar, recording software and a computer for example, a breadth of musical stylings can be created. Music technology and the open file-sharing made possible by the internet have brought about a huge change in how people discover new music and new artists. Even kids, with little or no formal training, are finding ways to compose and record their own music and share it with the world from their own basements. With the advancement of technology, music advances as well and so does the potential for creative individuals to find satisfaction in the form of a hobby or a profession.    A DJ, or disc jockey, is a person who plays musical recordings for a living. This may take place in a variety of venues. Therefore, the person's exact role may vary, depending on the setting or the purpose of the music. One career path for a DJ is to work for a radio station. In this capacity, he or she is responsible for playing musical selections from a playlist that has been provided by the management of the station. This playlist is developed to reach the target audience of the station. Generally, the target audience is determined by the genre of music the station chooses to play, or vice versa. Common genres of music played by a DJ include heavy metal, classic rock, light rock, adult contemporary, hip hop, gangsta rap, rhythm & blues, jazz, and country western. Most radio stations do not cross over into different genres, though genres that are similar may enjoy some cross over play. For example, the DJ of an adult contemporary station may play some country western songs and light rock songs. In addition to playing music in accordance with the playlist, the DJ for a radio station may also be responsible for answering calls from listeners, conducting interviews with musicians, and announcing commercials as directed by the radio station. Typically, he or she has little authority over what music is played.  A DJ may also provide music at a wedding reception. In this case, he or she may receive a playlist form the bride and groom. Alternatively, the bride and groom may select a particular genre and leave it up to the DJ to select the songs to be played. Often, this person also takes requests from those in attendance. The wedding DJ may also be called upon to act as an emcee at the wedding and announce when special events are about to take place, such as the throwing of the bouquet. In addition, he or she generally interacts with the audience in order to encourage guests to dance and have fun. Another type of DJ is one who plays music at a bar or a club. This person often has duties similar to someone who works a wedding. A club DJ, however, may not take musical requests. In addition, many mix tracks beforehand in order to create recognizable songs with fun beats that encourage dancing. Making it in the music industry can mean numerous things. You could become a powerful music industry lawyer, a skilled producer, the head of a record company, a sought after sound technician, or an instantly recognizable musician. Usually when people ask this question, they refer to making it as a musician, where “making it” implies a degree of fame and an ability to live on what you make from performances and recordings.  For all the musicians in the world out there, there are relatively few that will ever hit the top of the music industry. This is no reason not to try, especially if you feel that you are born to become a musician. However, expanding your definition of “making it in the music industry” may help you launch a more successful career. Here are a few tips for making it in the music industry:  1) Although there are a few musicians who have a certain "it factor" who get by on little talent, talent, knowledge and skill are all main requirements for the music industry. Talent alone is not enough, but must be paired with continual practice, gaining new knowledge, and studying. No musician is made worse by learning more, but many musicians with natural talent fail to apply their talent and suffer from arrogance, thinking that they have learned all they need to know. Essentially, you should never stop learning, because in a lifetime, there is still more to master and learn.  2) People who want to make it in the music industry need to take criticism seriously and well, especially from teachers. However, many now famous musicians ignored statements like “You’ll never make it.” Feel free to ignore these blanket statements, but tune in to criticism like “You are always flat on that high C, “ or “Your technique needs improvement.”  3) The music business isn't limited to sold out concerts, and making records. Take opportunities to perform, even if they seem beneath you. A good wedding singer can support him or herself while waiting for their more public career to launch. Every chance to perform can benefit you financially, and also hone your performance skills.  4) Don’t wait for your big break. Increase your exposure by performing, sending tapes to record companies, meeting people in the music industry, and writing letters to producers and agents. People who sit on their hands, waiting to get noticed, seldom do. As with any job search, you have to keep looking until you find someone in the music industry who believes in your talent. Interactions with record companies and agents should be professional, so come up with a good resume, a good recording, and a professional cover letter.   5) Stay away from the temptations that plague the music industry and the entertainment industry. Lots of beautiful careers were cut painfully short by drug and alcohol addiction. If you do use drugs or too much alcohol, focus on getting clean prior to getting a contract. Likewise, don't fall victim to eating disorders to achieve the "celebrity" look you may feel is required. The music business can be grueling, and living a healthy lifestyle will get you far.  6) Work in careers that will keep you in touch with other musicians. Teach music, be a roadie, work as an assistant at a record company, work at a musical instrument store, or manage a box office. This keeps your exposure level relatively high, and gives you the chance to meet people that could influence your career.  7) Consider free self-publishing. You have to look at bands like OK Go that suddenly became hugely popular because they put a couple of videos on YouTube. If you have a great song you want the public to hear, then let them hear it. The general public, rather than the more standard music industry is becoming increasingly more effective in defining what they like.  8) Have a full and happy life aside from your music. If you do become famous at some future date, good relationships with family and friends from your pre-fame days can often normalize the experience. All musicians need to make music an important part of their daily life, but have other things in your life that make you happy too. Even with these tips, you may never properly “make it” in the music industry. Many try and few succeed. But you can do what you love to do, which is to play. In the end, getting to do what you love, even on a small scale, is still “making it.”  A musical idea is a concept expressed in music. Rather than being ideas about music, musical ideas are creations of composers that represent the conceptual pieces of their artwork. Some define a musical idea as the composition of a theme or musical combination. Others simply leave the definition of musical ideas up to the composer. The use of the musical idea coincides with certain kinds of music philosophy. Many of these philosophies were more prominently entertained during the eras of classical or instrumental music than they are in today’s mainstream community of composers. While today’s music market could be seen as essentially market-driven, in previous eras of musical composition, music was a way to express a wide range of ideas, including but not limited to psychological impulses, commentaries, and even concepts in higher mathematics. Experts point out that musical ideas are rarely accessed by the listeners. Many academics who teach music contend that musical ideas are typically at a higher level than what reaches the average listener. They are seen as a kind of elite aspect that only the trained musician can understand. An example of musical ideas can be obtained by studying the use of fugues in the era of music in which they were primarily used.  By assessing the overall construction and organization of the fugue, listeners could identify certain themes or patterns that some would call musical ideas. In trying to identify a musical idea, the listener might identify smaller parts of the music from arpeggios, counterpoint, and other types of note structures, to the repetition of motifs and other patterns in a greater musical setting.  Since the understanding of musical ideas is highly subjective, and quite solidly attached to similar theories, such as literary theory, it’s necessary for the seeker of musical ideas to read widely about musical composition and other art forms.  Through evaluating how established composers come up with pieces of music, and learning more about how artistic theory works in general, the student can gradually develop a more vibrant idea of what would constitute a musical idea, and how these ideas might be expressed in sound. Reading the work of composers from different periods of time is also helpful for understanding the use of musical ideas in different eras.